Volume 1, Issue 3 (spring 2015)                   IJRN 2015, 1(3): 54-64 | Back to browse issues page

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Khodabakhshi koolaee A, Esmaeilifar A, Falsafinejad M R. Comparison of life meaning and hopefulness between spinal cord injuries, blinds, and healthy people in Kerman-Iran. IJRN. 2015; 1 (3) :54-64
URL: http://ijrn.ir/article-1-101-en.html
Department of Counseling, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (9346 Views)

Introduction: People with Disabilities usually experience marginalization due to depression, low psychological adjustment and lack of social support and most of them have lost their meaning of life and are despaired in their lives. The purpose of this study is to explore the meaning of life and hope in the people with Spinal Cord injuries, blinds and healthy people. Methods: In a causal-comparative study a total of 100 people with sensory motor disabilities (including 50 with spinal cord injuries and 50 Blind persons) recruited of state Welfare organization of Kerman province through purposive sampling method and 100 healthy university students as their counterparts selected through random sampling method. Inclusion criteria consisted of age over 18 years, not married, absence of psychotic disorders based on hospital medical records, negative history about substance abuse, educational level at least diploma and informed consent to participate in this study. The research instruments were Snyder’s hope scale and Frankl’s life meaning Questionnaire. The data were analyzed through MANOVA statistical method by using SPSS version 16 software. Results: The results showed there is a significant difference in the meaning of life of spinal cord injured persons, blinds and their healthy counterparts and the mean score of meaning of life in this group was higher than the other two groups (p<0.001). In contrast, the difference between the mean scores of hopefulness is not statistically significant in the three groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: The results indicated that the blinds and Spinal Cord injured people are less objective oriented and have low levels of meaning in their lives. Hopefulness and life meaning play a major role in well-being and mental health especially in peoples with sensory motor disabilities. So paying due attention to this issue and the factors that led to low levels of life meaningfulness in these group of people is very important and should be well considered by Welfare State authorities.

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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2015/04/22 | Accepted: 2015/04/22 | Published: 2015/04/22

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