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:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (winter 2018) ::
IJRN 2018, 4(2): 44-52 Back to browse issues page
Prediction of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Familial Observers of Patients with Dementia Based on Family Performance
Nasrin Goodarzi , Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi , Abolfazl Rahgoi , Akbar Biglarian
MSc Department of Nursing, Kamaali Hospital, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (584 Views)
Introduction: Increased incidence of dementia is one of the outcomes of old age. These patients, due to disruptions in cognition, behavior and performance, rely on other people, usually familial observers, for their personal tasks. Diversity and adversity of caring roles lead to mental problems for observers (depression, anxiety, and stress) and on the other hand, illness of a family member causes problems in family performance. Thus, evaluation of family performance could be a suitable predictor of mental health of a family.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Overall, 150 familial caregivers of elderly patients with dementia, referring to the Alzheimer's association, participated in this analysis. Data were collected through the demographic questionnaire, McMaster family function, Beck depression, Zuong anxiety, and perceived stress questionnaire of observers, and the analysis was conducted by Pearson correlation coefficient test, analysis of variance, Scheffe post hoc test, multi-variate stepwise linear regression, and the SPSS software.
Results: Family functioning in study observers is impaired in all aspects except the problem and there is a significant negative correlation between all subscales of family performance and depression, anxiety, and stress of observers. Family performance is able to predict changes in depression, anxiety, and stress of familial observers of patients with dementia. Aspects of behavior control was able to explained 1.19% of the variance of anxiety and 9.19% of the variance of stress in caregivers, as well as aspects of behavior control, roles, and emotional companionship, and 3.45% of the variance of depression in caregivers were able to be explained.
Conclusions: Results of this study showed that family functioning is one of the most important factors affecting depression, anxiety and stress of familial observers. Thus, studying the dimensions of family functioning shows which aspects are affected by these disorders.

 
Keywords: Family Function, Depression, Anxiety and Perceived Stress, Family Caregivers, Dementia
Full-Text [PDF 500 kb]   (146 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/03/1 | Accepted: 2017/03/4 | Published: 2018/01/31
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Goodarzi N, Mohammadi Shahboulaghi F, Rahgoi A, Biglarian A. Prediction of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Familial Observers of Patients with Dementia Based on Family Performance. IJRN. 2018; 4 (2) :44-52
URL: http://ijrn.ir/article-1-298-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 2 (winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
نشریه پژوهش پرستاری توانبخشی Iranian Journal of Rehabilitation Research
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